According to data from SNIS (National Sanitation Information System), 17% of the Brazilian population does not have water coverage and 37% of the volume produced is lost during distribution. Data for the sewage system are even worse, 51% of the Brazilian population does not have their sewage collected, and only 41% is treated. In order to meet the investments required for universalization, Plansab (National Sanitation Plan) has estimated an amount of R$ 304 billion.
The contracts already carried out with the private sector vary mainly between Concession, PPP and Leasing of Assets, while the scopes vary between Water, Sewage, Commercial Management, etc.
The National Policy of Solid Waste (PNRS) of 2010, boosts the waste recovery market because it determines actions such as the extinction of the open dumps, besides the implementation of recycling, reuse, composting, waste treatment and selective collection in the municipalities.
The contracts already made with the private sector include mainly the following activities: Waste -to -Energy ; Recycling Plant ; Biogas plant.
The Federal Law of Basic Sanitation, Law 11.455/07, defines the Drainage and Controlling of Urban Pluvial Waters the group of activities, infrastructures and operational facilities of urban drainage of rainwater, transportation, detention or retention for the damping of flood flows, Treatment and final disposal of rainwater drained in urban areas.
Due to the difficulty of practicing charging models for drainage services, it is not common to contract Concessions / PPPs for this purpose.