According to a survey conducted by CNI / IBOPE, 57% of the Brazilian population believes that the priority for the government in 2016 should be the need to improve health services. This result is repeated in the survey since 2013.
PPP contracts already signed with the private sector are successful cases, ranging from the construction of Basic Health Units to Hospitals of High Complexity; and from the operation of the “Gray Bate” to the “White Bata”.
Only 0.6% of Brazilian schools have infrastructure that is close to ideal for education, according to UnB /UFSC report. The school infrastructure obviously has a relevant impact on the student’s school performance; an evidenced of this fact is Brazil 60th position out of 76 countries in education ranking published by the OECD.
School PPPs contracts already signed includes the construction of infrastructure and the operation of its facilities. Infrastructure is very important to create a work environment conducive to teaching; and the operation of its facilities by the private partner is an interesting alternative to the public sector, since it can focus on strictly pedagogical activities.
According to the methodology of the João Pinheiro Foundation, based on PNAD / IBGE data, the housing deficit in Brazil represents around 5.4 million housing units. The necessary investment to reverse this scenario is R$ 760 billion by 2024, estimated by the FGV. The viability of social housing projects via PPP represents an interesting solution in terms of cost, agility and quality in the long term. In addition, the promotion of mixed-use occupations enables the capture of income from other business activities to subsidize housing, depriving the public sector.
According to G1 (a Brazilian online newspaper) survey, Brazil has a deficit of 224 thousand places in prison system, with 615,933 inmates. Since the number of places in Brazil is 371,459, Brazil has a overcrowding of 66%. The usually proposed contract model involves the construction and maintenance by the private partner and the shared operation, in which the public sector performs the judicial and administrative-judicial activities ant the private partner the internal administrative management of the units, including the internal monitoring, physical maintenance of the building and assistance to those sentenced.
There are public services that depends on a related infrastructure, such as: multiservice exchanges (documents request, general information, etc), road terminals, center of popular commerce, etc.
Multipurpose Arenas are facilities capable of hosting the most diverse sports and entertainment events that take place in the country, such as cultural shows, concerts, sports presentations, trade shows, seminars, congresses, rodeos, motocross, among others. This sector was in evidence due to the renovation and new arenas built for the Brazil World Cup 2014.
As stated by 414/2010 Resolution, from 2015 the management of public lighting assets are responsibility of the municipalities. Such resolution allowed municipalities to structure PPPs to contract private companies to replace mercury-vapor lamp for LED lamps and to operate and maintain public lighting. In Brazil, there is a potential for a BRL 40 billion investments only to replace traditional lamps for LEDs, promoting energy cost reduction – at least 50% less energy consumption – cost and frequency reduction of maintenance – LEDs have a longer life time (12 years) than traditional lamps which have 5 years of life time – and CO2 emissions reduction – LED does not have in its composition heavy metals.