Responsible for most of the import and export of products in the country, the port sector grows each year its share in the economy. After the new law of ports, 12.815/13, and to be considered a priority sector by the government for investment, it is expected a continuous expansion of the Brazilian port sector in the coming years mainly driven by private investment.
Responsible for the national and international traffic of people and cargo in the country, the airport sector has experienced a significant growth in recent years, when passenger volume more than tripled in the last 10 years. The federal airport concessions were largely responsible for this growth and this is the path of expansion of the sector in the country for the next years.
As Brazilian urban centers disorderly grow, urban mobility became one of the most important challenges faced by the public administration. An increasing demand for more and better public transportation, seen at the protests in 2013, and the National Policy for Urban Mobility (Law n° 12.587/2012), which aims at favoring non-motorized transport over motorized transport and public transportation over individual, fostering larger investments in the sector. According to BNDES (Brazil Development Bank), it would be necessary BRL 234 billion to resolve the lack of investments in this sector. Those investments would be made in Metros, LRTs, Monorails and BRTs aiming at improving people’s life standards and cooperating with circulation and a wide and democratic access to urban space in a fast, efficient and ecologically sustainable way.
The improvement of the highway network is one of the biggest challenges to reduce logistics costs in the country. The Brazilian roads corresponds to 61 % of the transport of domestic production of goods and, currently, of more than 1.7 million km of roads, only 12% are paved.
Railways are characterized by transporting large amount of load at a low cost for long distances. Despite environmental features and Brazil’s continental dimensions, the railway sector accounts for only 21% of the transportation of all national goods produced. The industry is treated as a priority by the government to unlock logistics bottlenecks and reduce logistics costs. The sector has significant private investments for the coming years.